Hernia






Main facts about Hernia:


Hernia happens when an organ (commonly the intestine) protrudes through a tissue or the muscle.

For external it would stick out so it would look like a lump on the abdomen (ventral hernia) or in the groin (inguinal or femoral hernia).

For internal (hiatal hernia) it would usually be caused by a weakened diaphragm.

Different types of Hernia



Femerol hernias: Femerol hernia occurs in the thigh. This type of Hernia usually affects woman. It is similar to the Inguinal Hernia.

Inguinal hernias: This is the most common type of Hernia and usually affects mostly men. It is usually located at the point where the inguinal canal meets the peritoneum. When the person coughs, the soft lump in the groin bulges. When the person lies down, it disappears completely. Inguinal hernias are often caused by heavy lifting. Symptoms include pain of something giving way and then a lump appears in the groin. If the lump gets too big, it can extend down into the scrotum.

Hiatal Hernias: Usually affects women, is when the uppper part of the stomach moves upward into the chest becaused of a weakened diaphragm. The lump can not be seen as it bulges into the chest. Symptoms include heartburn and chestpain.


Strangulated Hernias: This Hernia occurs when the intestine becomes trapped in the abdominal wall causing blood lfow the the intestines to become blocked. It is painful and requires immedate surgery.


Umbillical hernia: This type of Hernia usually affects children at birth. The intestine, fat or fluid pushes through a weakspot. Then on the belly button, there would be a bulge which would like a swollen belly button.




Treatment for Hernia

Most types of hernia doesn't hurt but it will require treatment and they can be cured with complete success. Hernias usually become larger over time and they usually don't go away. Surgery is done to repair the hernia and to relieve discomfort but if nothing is done to the Hernia, it is likely that the tissue would get stuck in the weak area which would then die.

Femerol Hernia Inguinal Hernia Hiatal Hernia Umbillical Hernia


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 Bibliography




http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001136.htm


http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-strangulated-hernia.htm
www.emedicinehealth.com/**hernia**/article_em.htm

http://herniasymptoms.blogsavy.com/incisional-hernia/























Hernias

Hernias