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Bulimia Nervosa (often shortened to Bulimia) is an eating disorder in which the sufferer has regular "binges" or periods of overeating food. The person then uses various methods to prevent weight gain. One of these methods is to initiate the gag reflex to vomit out the food. Another method is laxative abuse, where the sufferer has a large amount of laxatives to excrete the food.


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Effects
Bulimia may cause the following problems:
  • GORD
  • Deyhydradtion
  • Electrolyte Imbalance
  • Inflammation of the Oesophogas
  • Rupture in the oesphogal wall
  • Oral trauma
  • Infertility
  • Constipation
  • Scars on the back of hand
  • Peptic Ulcers
  • Dental Erosion
Sufferers of Bulimia are also more likely to experience depression or anxiety disorder than non-bulimics.

Diagnosis and Treatment
Bulimia nervosa is much harder to detect than the similiar anorexia nervosa because most Bulimics are around average weight. It is treated in two ways, Pharmalogical and Pshycotherapy. Pharmalogical treatment is involving anti-deppressant medication, specifically SSRIs. In a limited clinical trial, bulimia was treated as an addiction and topiramate (a medication which blocks cravings of opiates, cocaine, alcohol and food) was used for treatment. Psychotherapy refers to treatment that is not drug-related. Most often physhologists work for a plan to target which foods cause purging the most, and to involve all parties in the prevention of binging. Media portrayals of body shape is believed to be a contributing factor of bulimia. A study of 15-18 year old girls in Nadroga, Fiji found that bulimia rose from 0% in 1995 (the year television was introduced in the province) to 11% in 1998.

Bibliography
Name|link|date last edited
Bulimia nervosa|bit.ly/3JadaR|10/6/2011
Bulimia nervosa - ReachOut Australia|bit.ly/oYmzGo|3/9/2010
Bulimia- PubMed Health|1.usa.gov/dZhJwq|18/4/2011